He recognizes the Pope`s authority and is often persecuted for it. In these articles, especially those that have been added, we can see that the rights enjoyed by the Church in the past have been violated and that the Church was in mourning. But at that time, the Church was trying to improve relations with the French nation and rebuild previous diplomatic relations. Great concessions were made in haste; Even if a nuncio were sent, it could no longer play the same role as in the past; On the contrary, it was manipulated by the French government, which added many clauses unacceptable to the Church. When one sees such results, one cannot help but think of the harmony between the State and the Church of France, signed by Napoleon in 1801. To understand this agreement, we must remember the situation at the time. In 1789, the French Revolution broke out. After the revolutionaries took power, the Catholic Church became its first goal. Whether they are Girondin or Jacobin, they have pursued a policy of cruel persecution of the Church. The Church of France has been subjected to a terrible trial.
All the bishops of France, both those who have sworn in the past and those who refused to swear, have had to resign. The French head of state, Napoleon, has the power to nominate bishops, but the power to confer jurisdiction is left to the pope. With regard to the selection of candidates, the most common criterion is that they are politically reliable. All clergymen of France, bishops and priests, must swear allegiance to the state. The Church must also renounce property confiscated at the time of the revolution. To compensate for the losses suffered, the French government took over the maintenance of the clergy and granted them a grant. In addition, bishops would be required to cooperate with local authorities to continue the division between dioceses and parishes. The agreement, which has already appeared to fail several times on the brink of failure, comes after a meeting of negotiating teams in Rome in June, when the Vatican apparently assured the Chinese that the Pope would cancel the excommunications of government-appointed bishops.
In his statements to reporters on Tuesday night, Francis acknowledged that both sides had lost something in the talks and that members of the clandestine Catholic churches in China would “suffer,” according to the South China Morning Post. “It`s true that they`re going to suffer. There is always suffering in an agreement,” said the pope. It is important to restore communion between the two churches,” said Alberto Melloni, director of the Foundation for Religious Sciences Giovanni XXIII in Bologna. “The Pope has brought the greatest diplomatic success” in the recent history of the Church. He argued that the agreement made the Vatican a voice on the international stage. In 2014, China allowed the pope to cross his airspace en route to South Korea. In Colombia, a crisis erupted between the state and the Church in 1994, when Attorney General Gustavo de Greiff accused several bishops of illegal contacts with FARC guerrillas. It turned out that, in the form of the Colombian concordat with the Holy See, members of the clergy could only be examined by ecclesiastical courts governed by canon law, and that bishops were therefore immune from the investigations of the civil authorities into what many in Colombia considered a serious crime.