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Who Signed The Armistice Agreement In 1918

On 3 October 1918, the liberal prince Maximilian was appointed German Prime Minister by Baden and replaced Georg von Hertling to negotiate a ceasefire. [4] After lengthy discussions with the emperor and assessments of the political and military situation in the Empire, the German government sent a message to President Wilson until 5 October 1918 to discuss conditions based on a recent speech by him and the “fourteen points” previously declared. In the following two exchanges, “Wilson`s allusions failed to give the idea that the emperor`s abdication was an essential condition for peace. The leaders of the Reich State were not yet ready to think about such a monstrous eventuality. [5] As a precondition for negotiations, Wilson demanded Germany`s withdrawal from all occupied territories, an end to submarine activities and the abdication of the emperor, and wrote on 23 October: “If the United States government must now confront the military champions and monarchical autocrats of Germany, or if it must deal with the international obligations of the German Empire. it does not need to demand peace negotiations, but to give up. [6] The ceasefire was the result of a hasty and desperate process. The German delegation, led by Matthias Erzberger, crossed the front line in five cars and was escorted for ten hours to the devastated war zone in northern France upon its arrival on the morning of 8 November 1918. They were then taken to the secret destination on Ferdinand Foch`s private train, parked on a railway track in the Forest of Compiégne. [11] Indeed, in early October, the Germans had begun to open a ceasefire. First, they tried to go through THE American President Woodrow Wilson, lest the British and the French insist on difficult conditions. But this final race did not succeed. After Bullitt Lowry`s book, Waffenstillstand 1918, the Germans finally sent a night radio message to Field Marshal Ferdinand Foch, commander-in-chief of the Allied forces, asking for permission to send a delegation across the lines to negotiate a ceasefire, calling for a general ceasefire.

Forty-five minutes later, Foch responded. He ignored the request for a ceasefire, but gave the Germans permission to come. After several days of negotiations, the ceasefire was signed by Mudros between Britain and the Ottoman Empire. It came into force on October 31. After the war, it was deeply shameful that so many soldiers died on the last day of the war, especially in the hours after the treaty was signed, but had not entered into force. In the United States, the U.S. Congress opened an investigation into why and whether the leaders of U.S. expeditionary troops, including John Pershing, should be blamed. [32] In France, numerous graves of French soldiers who died on 11 November were laid on 10 November.